Pteridophyta or Ferns

Adder's tongue
Beech fern

In the British Isles the Phylum Pteridophyta is represented by about 64 native species which are taxonomically classified into two Classes, five Orders, fourteen Families and twenty-four Genera.

This site aims to clarify and explain these relationships and provide information about the native species found in the British Isles. There is a Ferns search facility which aims to ease identification of specimens, you can Browse a list of species and there is a searcheable Glossary of botanical terms.

If you click on any of the images of ferns on this page you will see a slideshow of images and there are some more images in the Image Gallery.

Hard shield-fern
Lady fern

Some random samples

Asplenium trichomanes quadrivalens

Common name
Common Maidenhair spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes quadrivalens
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Polypodiales
Family
Aspleniaceae
Genus
Asplenium
Species
trichomanes
Subspecies
quadrivalens
Geographic details
Habitat
rocks and walls
Soil type
tolerant
Distribution
Throughout British Isles
Native
Yes

Asplenium trichomanes pachyrachis

Common name
Lobed Maidenhair spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes pachyrachis
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Polypodiales
Family
Aspleniaceae
Genus
Asplenium
Species
trichomanes
Subspecies
pachyrachis
Geographic details
Habitat
rock faces
Soil type
alkaline
Distribution
Locally frequent W Britain
Native
Yes

Asplenium scolopendrium

Common name
Hart's-tongue fern
Asplenium scolopendrium
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Polypodiales
Family
Aspleniaceae
Genus
Asplenium
Species
scolopendrium
Geographic details
Habitat
Maritime
Soil type
alkaline
Distribution
Throughout British Isles
Native
Yes