Pteridophyta or Ferns

Adder's tongue
Beech fern

In the British Isles the Phylum Pteridophyta is represented by about 64 native species which are taxonomically classified into two Classes, five Orders, fourteen Families and twenty-four Genera.

This site aims to clarify and explain these relationships and provide information about the native species found in the British Isles. There is a Ferns search facility which aims to ease identification of specimens, you can Browse a list of species and there is a searcheable Glossary of botanical terms.

If you click on any of the images of ferns on this page you will see a slideshow of images and there are some more images in the Image Gallery.

Hard shield-fern
Lady fern

Some random samples

Hymenophyllum wilsonii

Common name
Wilson's filmy fern
Hymenophyllum wilsonii
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Hymenophyllales
Family
Hymenophyllaceae
Genus
Hymenophyllum
Species
wilsonii
Geographic details
Habitat
steep rock faces high humidity low altitude
Soil type
acidic
Distribution
Lake district, W Wales, Scotland, Ireland
Native
Yes

Athyrium distentifolium var. distentifolium

Common name
Alpine Lady Fern
Athyrium distentifolium var. distentifolium
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Polypodiales
Family
Athyriaceae
Genus
Athyrium
Species
distentifolium
Subspecies
var. distentifolium
Geographic details
Habitat
N facing corries
Soil type
acidic
Distribution
NW Scotland
Native
Yes

Dryopteris submontana

Common name
Rigid Buckler Fern
Dryopteris submontana
Latin names
Class
Pteridopsida
Order
Polypodiales
Family
Aspidiaceae
Genus
Dryopteris
Species
submontana
Alternative Family name
Dryopteridaceae
Geographic details
Habitat
Scree
Soil type
alkaline
Distribution
N. Wales, NW. England
Native
Yes